Basically, it should be noted right at the beginning that there is no reason to be afraid of washing wool. While these are still sensitive-this is in the nature of the proverbial thing-but: as sensitive as at the time of our grandmothers, today's wool is no longer, here a lot has been done in terms of materials technology, so that the wool washing with a good detergent is no longer a problem, provided a few basic tips and tricks are observed. However, these are valid for all sensitive or high-quality garments, whether they are wool, silk or other sensitive material. And now to the tips:
(1) The detergent
The use of a liquid detergent is especially important for the washing of woolen items. This liquid detergent should also be a wool detergent, which does not matter whether you want to wash merino, alpaca, cashmere or wool. Liquid wool detergents also have the advantage that they are completely dissolved, in contrast to powders, even at low temperatures, and thus neither small nodules nor other residues in the wool are fixed, which can subsequently burden the things. Those who, in the wool washing, only fall back on liquid wool detergents will not have to accept any losses.
(2) The temperature
Wool garments should never be washed too warmly, because here the principle applies rather too little than too much. For example, if you want to wash garments made of merino wool and do not dare to put the items into the machine, you can wash them in the sink or in a bowl by hand. There is also a trick to the cashmere washing: both after the merino wool washing and after cashmere wool washing, the washed parts can be placed in the freezer or the freezer for a few minutes. The fibers then turn up nicely after the frosting and feel cuddly soft and as new. However, this trick can also be dispensed with if you simply wash the parts by hand and dispense with a sling. The hand washing of the wool is a little more difficult, as the finished parts are usually heavier. In this case the washing in the machine is recommended at a maximum of 30 degrees and a drying in the fresh air in a classical way. If you want to wash alpaca wool, you can do it in the same way as in the case of merino wool. Here you can choose the treatment in the machine or in the sink.
(3) Washing sheep wool
The washing of sheep's wool can be done by hand or in the machine at a maximum of 30 degrees or in the direct wool wash (if available). Often the wool wash is also marked with a hand symbol and as a so-called hand wash. With a very low number of slings, all wool can be washed with this wash, regardless of which wool has been entangled
(4) Wash cotton
Garments made of cotton-here are absolutely pure cotton without any admixture of "genuine" wool, such as virgin wool, Merino, alpaca or similar proportions, Can be washed in the machine in principle and without problems. Those who want to handle their knitting belongings are also limited to a temperature of a maximum of 30 degrees, in which the washings of the hand wash, the wool washing gangs, the so-called fine wash and the so-called "Easy Care" program come into question. What is important here is a medium to quite high number of slings, because otherwise cotton things become very heavy and may unpleasantly drag into the length when hanging. If you want to prevent this mishap, cotton clothing dries best, because that's how things stay in shape and don't get dressed. Occasionally "pull in shape" during drying ensures a nice shape and a pleasant wearing even after washing.
(5) Drying and ironing
Here goes: please don't! Although some manufacturers allow drying in the dryer, this recommendation should be handled very carefully. After all, most dryers still work at high temperatures and they are in conflict with any other care for wool. Ironing is generally superfluous for knitting, as things do not wrinkle per se. It should therefore only be mentioned for the sake of completeness that an iron is never tolerated with wool!
And one last tip still at the end. Clothing made of wool or hand-knitted clothing should be washed rarely. This is neither unhygienic nor unclean, because just pure wool has a self-cleaning effect. Here, usually ventilation helps, so these garments can experience the same treatment as wool coats. Some cleaning services also offer the cleaning of woolen products as a service!